The School of Science was established concurrently with Walailak University and embraced these three main purposes:
- To serve teaching and fundamental science module development for schools to conform to management of education at Walailak University.
- To produce graduates in the five disciplines of science: physics, chemistry, biology, biochemistry and mathematics and statistics.
- To manage fundamental research and applied science.
Biochemistry was then merged with chemistry and in 2008, computational science was added to enable the school to expand teaching, research and academic services in this area. In 2013, the faculty has restructured to include a head of department for each program, with the aim to improve management in accordance with standards the Thailand Qualifications Framework (TQF) which require the four programs of physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics and statistics).
The completion of the building construction at Walailak University the first-year undergraduate students were welcomed into the 1998 program, the university began with six schools with the addition of the School of Liberal Arts and School of Science which performed foundational courses.
Today, the main task of the School of Science is to service students in science and mathematics courses both in general education and specific education for students in all programs and schooling. Science students are able to enrol in the following programs:
- Bachelor of Science Program in Computational Science
- Master of Science (Chemistry)
- Master of Science (Physics)
- Master of Science (Computational Science)
- Doctor of Philosophy (Chemistry)
- Doctor of Philosophy (Physics)
- Doctor of Philosophy (Computational Science)
The School of Science has joined the program for Development and Promotion of Science and Technology talents project (DPST) which is the centre of higher education in the upper south. The mission is select students, who have good academic performance and interest in science, and received a scholarship in the School of Science majoring in computational science, physics, chemistry, biology or mathematics and statistics. The scholarship program began in 2012 and provides fourteen scholarships per academic year. In addition, the School of Science has an important mission in research development and academic services which focuses on creating new knowledge in science and technology, leading to academic superiority and applied knowledge which is transferable to the community and business in the commercial sector.
The school also promotes learning, developing and the transfer of knowledge and achievements in science and technology, to the community for social and economic development. School of Science has numerous research publications in international journals such as ISI and SCOPUS database. Additionally, academic staff have presented their research at national and international conferences, and been invited as special lecturers to external agencies. In academic services to the community, the School of Science has performed for more than ten projects which have financial support from external agencies i.e. International Science Olympiads and Astronomy Olympiads, and Junior Science Talent Project (JSTP).